Problem DescriptionIn just a few years Paris has built the largest bike-sharing system in the west. Parisians love their Vélib', with its more than 20,000 rental bikes distributed between 1,800 stations, some 300 meters apart. It is a cornerstone of a plan that has already reduced car traffic in the city by 20%. The system has also spread across the world like wildfire to hundreds of cities, indicating an international breakthrough for urban bike sharing.
Bike sharing and bicycle rental have their roots in the Dutch counter-culture of the sixties, and have since then evolved with many variations (see also Amsterdam). Due to problems of vandalism and theft, their success was limited. The 1990s saw the rise of “smart systems” with electronic, camera-monitored locks and personal cards. Copenhagen, and subsequently other cities, built up large, publicly financed systems for borrowing with low costs and specially designed bikes.
Solution StageOne of the 7 stages of an innovation. Learn more
|STAGE||SPECIALIST SKILLS REQUIRED||EXAMPLE ACTIVITIES||RISK LEVEL AND HANDLING||FINANCE REQUIRED||KINDS OF EVIDENCE GENERATED||GOAL|
|Developing and implementing5||Strong leadership, management, implementation skills|
|A robust and detailed case developed through formal evaluation and evidence gathering – use of a control group to isolate impact||An implemented and sustainable innovation|