Strengthening Communities and Fisheries

This solution addresses Depleted fisheries and gender divided communities in Mozambique for coastal residents, women

  • Boy on beach

Problem Description

In the Primeiras & Segundas Environmental Protected Area (PSEPA) in Mozambique, the fate of the environment and its inhabitants are inextricably linked. Increased pressure on fisheries, combined with unsustainable fishing techniques and the adverse effects of climate change, has dramatically reduced the population of fish in the area. Thousands of residents of coastal communities, who have long been highly dependent on the sea’s abundance, have been finding themselves increasingly unable to feed themselves or their families as a result of declining catches. The CARE-WWF Alliance launched the Primeiras & Segundas Program in northern Mozambique in 2008, after 5 years of important ground work established by WWF Mozambique and local partners. Now in its sixth year, the program is working to conserve and improve the fragile ecosystem of the PSEPA, while strengthening the livelihoods of the communities that depend on the area’s marine and terrestrial resources.

Building Blocks


Since 2008, Primeiras & Segundas has worked with more than 10,000 coastal households that rely on fishing and farming for their livelihoods. The initiatives around this project have ranged from developing Africa's largest marine sanctuary, to introducing new conservation agriculture techniques, to working with community associations. Now six years into the initiative, the overarching goal remains the same: P&S envisions landscapes in which marine and terrestrial ecosystems are thriving and the poor who depend on them have better lives and broader options, and actively participate in governance processes that shape policies and practices, ensuring that natural resources are managed for both current and future generations.


  • Boy on beach


  • Protection Area Infographic

    From the WWF

  • [VIDEO] Farming for the Future

    Iron chef and philanthropist Cat Cora travels with the poverty-fighting organization CARE on a Learning Tour to Mozambique to see solutions to global hunger and malnutrition.

  • New Hope for Marine Life: Africa’s second largest marine protected area is established.

    The Government of Mozambique announced today the creation of the second largest marine protected area in Africa. Made up of ten islands off the coast of northern Mozambique, this coastal marine reserve in the Primeiras and Segundas Archipelago will cover more than 4020 square miles and contains abundant coral and turtle species.

  • Website: Empowering local promoters of natural resource management

    Leaving the management of natural resources at the hands of local communities has been proving to be a good strategy at Primeiras & Segundas. Community members monitor the no-take zones in the Moma estuary and the results have been extremely positive, increasing fish yields and specie diversity. Mangrove replanting initiatives have been successful, raising awareness of the importance of mangroves and their role in reducing the risk for disasters.

Organisations Involved

Contributed By

  • Domingo Gove, WWF
  • General Inquiries, CARE Mozambique

Key Details