Enforcing change from the bottom-up
No this is not just an oxymoron. This philosophy understands that human-centered design comes from focussing on the needs of the greater population (bottom-up change), but also understands that sometimes in order to make these needs a reality, top-down action must be implemented. For example, the Corporation of Chenai recognized that their old street designs did not reflect the needs of the common man or woman. In order to reorient the status quo, the government needed to take bold measures and pass laws that shifted the focus to the main, yet underrepresented populations of the city.